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Modern satellites, especially micro and nano satellites, have little in-orbit processing capabilities and data storage capacities. The satellites are dependent on sending their data regularly to a ground station. Golbriak Space OÜ is developing a cloud computing infrastructure on the International Space Station (ISS) using the Bartolomeo platform, to serve other spacecraft that would not be able to afford on-orbit processing otherwise. The “Bartolomeo cloud” could be realised through a compact high-performance computing data centre installed on the ISS, interfaced to customer spacecraft through an optical and a radio frequency (RF) antenna terminal installed on the ISS. Potential ISS cloud services could reduce the time between data acquisition and availability, in order to introduce new capabilities such as automated feature detector for Earth observing spacecraft, enhanced spacecraft autonomy (cognitive satellites) and real-time machine learning on space data.